Terahertz radiation for
lowering blood glucose levels and treating diabetes.

Electromagnetic spectrum and Terahertz range

The ‘terahertz gap’ has a frequency ranges from ∼0.3 THz to ∼10 THz in the electromagnetic spectrum which in between microwave and infrared. The terahertz radiations are invisible to naked eye and in comparison with X-ray they are intrinsically safe, non-destructive and non-invasive. 

Like infrared and microwave radiation, terahertz radiation travels in a line of sight and is non-ionizing. Like microwave radiation, terahertz radiation can penetrate a wide variety of non-conducting materials.

Terahertz radiations have a few remarkable properties. Many common materials and living tissues are semitransparent and have ‘terahertz fingerprints’, permitting them to be imaged, identified and analyzed. Due to non-ionizing properties of terahertz radiations are safe for screening application. 

Influence of terahertz radiation in diabetes

All chemical reactions take place with the absorption or release of energy. Sugar processing occurs in human cells and an increase in the amount of sugar in the blood is simply a signal that too much glucose has accumulated in the cells, which cannot enter them due to the equalized gradients of sugar concentration in the cell and in the bloodstream. 

Phosphorylation is the main reaction of sugar processing in the cell, without which the entire life process is disrupted. And this reaction cannot go on without energetic or enzymatic (insulin) stimulation from outside. 

In constructing the model of the IDIABE device, the principle of frequency modulation was implemented, namely, the IR radiation, which is the carrier, is modulated by THz radiation. As a result of this combination, infrared radiation penetrates deeper and more efficiently into the human body and introduces terahertz radiation into the body, which gives a therapeutic effect.